|The Soils of Israel
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Author: Arieh Singer
This book describes the soils of Israel, offering details of their distribution, chemical, physical, and mineralogical characteristics and agricultural attributes. The pathways to the formation of each soil type are discussed against the background of such soil-forming factors as climate, lithology and physiography. The distribution of the different soil types is explained, based on the relationships between soils and soil-forming factors. This the first reference on the topic since 1948.
|The Cosmic Winter
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Author: Victor Clube
During five days in late June 1975, a swarm of boulders the size of motor cars struck the moon at a speed of 67,000 miles per hour. On 30 June 1908 an object crashed on Siberia with the force of a large hydrogen bomb. The moon was also struck on 25 June 1178 struck, this time by a missile whose energy was ten times that of the combined nuclear arsenals of the world. Why late June? What is the nature of such events? And what threat do they pose to mankind? The authors aim to reveal the answers in this book. They argue that rains of fire visit the earth from time to time, destroying civilizations and plunging mankind into Dark Ages. They uncover a lost tradition of celestial catastrophe, and underpin these claims with foundations based on the latest discoveries in space. They produce a risk assessment which reveals that civilization could well come to an abrupt end, destroyed by a rain of fire followed by an icy, cosmic winter.
|Melting the Earth: The History of Ideas on Volcanic Eruptions
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Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson
From prehistoric times to the fiery destruction of Pompeii in 79 A.D. and the more recent pyrotechnics of Mt. St. Helens, volcanic eruptions have aroused fear, inspired myths and religious worship, and prompted heated philosophical and scientific debate. Melting the Earth chronicles humankind's attempt to understand this terrifying phenomenon and provides a fascinating look at how our conception of volcanoes has changed as knowledge of the earth's internal processes has deepened over the centuries.
A practicing volcanologist and native of Iceland, where volcanoes are frequently active, Haraldur Sigurdsson considers how philosophers and scientists have attempted to answer the question: Why do volcanoes erupt? He takes us through the ideas of the ancient Greeks--who proposed that volcanoes resulted from the venting of subterranean winds--and the internal combustion theories of Roman times, and notes how thinking about volcanoes took a backward, symbolic turn with the rise of Christian conceptions of Hell, a direction that would not be reversed until the Renaissance. He chronicles the 18th-century conflict between the Neptunists, who believed that volcanic rocks originated from oceanic accretions, and the Plutonists, who argued for the existence of a molten planetary core, and traces how volcanology moved from "divine science" and "armchair geology" to empirical field study with the rise of 19th-century naturalism. Finally, Sigurdsson describes how 19th and 20th-century research in thermodynamics, petrology, geochemistry and plate tectonics contribute to the current understanding of volcanic activity.
Drawing liberally from classical sources and firsthand accounts, this chronicle is not only a colorful history of volcanology, but an engrossing chapter in the development of scientific thought.
|Nature's Fury: The Illustrated History of Wild Weather & Natural Disasters
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Hurricane Katrina. The Indian Ocean Tsunami. Killer Tornadoes. Planet Earth's extremes of weather are making news as never before, and now "Life" explains why, in a book that collects some of the greatest photographs of natural disasters ever assembled. From earthquakes to tornadoes, lightning to tsunamis, "Life Nature's Fury" illuminates the hidden natural forces that shape our lives in splendid and terrible ways. "Life" travels back to before Noah's flood and looks at the frenzied activity that led to the death of the dinosaurs. The volcano that might have sunk the legendary Atlantis is discussed, as is the one that led to the poignant mummies of Pompeii. In our times, "Life" presents 25 natural disasters of the last century and a-half in vivid photography. Interspersed are special sections that answer the questions: What is a hurricane? What is a Tsunami? And, what is an earthquake? This helps the reader understand the phenomenal forces behind the almost unbelievable imagery.
|Air and Space: The National Air and Space Museum Story of Flight
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Author: Andrew Chaikin
This is a history of flight as seen through the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum and its collections. The museum attracts over eight million visitors a year and features a vast collection of flight- and space-related material from all over the world, focusing mainly on US aeronautics and space exploration.
|Weather and Climate: Decade by Decade (Twentieth-Century Science)
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Author: Kristine C., Ph.D. Harper
|Catastrophic Coastal Storms: Hazard Mitigation and Development Management (Duke Press Policy Studies)
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Author: David R. Godschalk
As people cluster on the coast in increasing numbers, coastal populations become more vulnerable to severe damage from catastrophic coastal storms. The authors contented that current public policy has proved unable to cope with the growing problem, and in response they present a comprehensive analysis of coastal storm hazards, standard policy approaches, and promising new means of managing coastal growth.
Catastrophic Coastal Storms offers a solution to the policy problem by proposing a merger of hazard mitigation with development management, basing this on extensive surveys of at-risk coastal locations and case studies of post-hurricane recovery. Starting with the local level of government and proceeding to state and federal levels, the authors propose a strategy for overcoming the formidable obstacles to safeguarding the shoreline population and its structures from hurricanes and other severe storms.
|Origin and Evolution of Earth: Principles of Historical Geology
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Author: Kent Condie
Appropriate for one-semester courses in historical geology. This text assumes basic prerequisite coursework in physical geology.This exceptionally readable text gives students an in-depth and accurate picture of the complexities of Earth's history and life. The history of Earth is considered not only from the conventional surface approach but also from the perspective of Earth and its role as a member of the solar system. Plate tectonics is placed at a central position in the discussion of Earth's history.
|The Usborne Internet-Linked Introduction to Weather and Climate Change
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Author: Kirsteen Rogers
From greenhouse gases and extreme weather to climate zones and global warming, this work provides clear explanations on a topic of universal concern. It includes Usborne Internet links to recommended Websites and downloadable images.
|Introduction to Theoretical Meteorology
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Author: seymour hess