|Density-Functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules (International Series of Monographs on Chemistry)
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Author: Robert G. Parr
This book is a rigorous, unified account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. Containing a detailed discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives, it provides an understanding of the concepts of electronegativity, hardness and softness, and chemical reactivity. Both the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham and the Levy-Lieb derivations of the basic theorems are presented, and extensive references to the literature are included. Two introductory chapters and several appendices provide all the background material necessary beyond a knowledge of elementary quantum theory. The book is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.
|Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism (Graduate Texts in Contemporary Physics)
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Author: Assa Auerbach
This book emphasizes the role that electron interactions play in the properties of condensed matter. It teaches the use of the powerful nonperturbative techniques that have become available in the last decades to discuss such topics as mixed valence systems, Kondo systems, heavy electrons, high-temperature copper oxide superconductors, the quantum Hall effect, and low-dimensional isotropic magnets. Mathematical derivations are self contained. Appendices provide standard many-body tools including second quantization, Grassmann variables, generating functionals, linear response, correlation functions, Fermi and Bose coherent-states path integrals, Matsubara representation, and the method of steepest descents. There are guided bibliographies and exercises at the end of each chapter.
|Electron Emission in Heavy Ion-Atom Collisions (Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics)
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Author: Nikolaus Stolterfoht
Electron EM reviews the theoretical and experimental work of the last 30 years on continuous electron emission in energetic ion-atom collisions. High incident energies for which the projectile is faster than the mean orbital velocity of the active electron are considered. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of ionization mechanisms. They are interpreted in terms of Coulomb centers associated with the projectile and target nuclear fields which strongly interact with the outgoing electron. General properties of the two-center electron emission are analyzed. Particular attention is given to screening effects. A brief overview of multiple ionization processes is also presented. The survey concludes with a complete compilation of experimental studies of ionization cross sections.
|Electrons in Solids, Third Edition: An Introductory Survey
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Author: Richard H. Bube
This Third Edition of ELECTRONS IN SOLIDS: AN INTRODUCTORY SURVEY, is the result of a thorough re-examination of the entire text, incorporating suggestions and corrections by students and professors who have used the text. Explanations and descriptions have been expanded, and additional information has been added on high Tc superconductors, diamond films, "buckminsterfullerenes," and thin magnetic materials. Adopted by many colleges and universities, this text has proven to be a solid introduction to the electrical, optical and magnetic properties of materials.
* Contains comprehensive coverage of electronic properties in metals, semiconductors, and insulators at a fundamental level
* Stresses the use of wave properties as an integrating theme for the discussion of phonons, photons, and electrons
* Includes a complete set of illustrative problems along with exercises and answers
* Features a careful indication of both Gaussian and SI unit systems
|Pushing Electrons: A Guide for Students of Organic Chemistry
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Author: Daniel P. Weeks
Pushing Electrons A Guide for Students of Organic Chemistry 1995 Version Second Edition. by Daniel P. Weeks PH.D
- Product Details: Paperback
- Publisher: 2nd Edition; 2nd Edition edition (1995)
- Language: English, ISBN-10: 003011652X, ISBN-13: 978-0030116520
- ASIN: B004GVWOLM, Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item
- Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #1,536,161 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
|Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems
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Author: Volkhard May
This 3rd edition has been expanded and updated to account for recent developments, while new illustrative examples as well as an enlarged reference list have also been added. It naturally retains the successful concept of its predecessors in presenting a unified perspective on molecular charge and energy transfer processes, thus bridging the regimes of coherent and dissipative dynamics, and establishing a connection between classic rate theories and modern treatments of ultrafast phenomena.
Among the new topics are:
- Time-dependent density functional theory
- Heterogeneous electron transfer, e.g. between molecules and metal or semiconductor surfaces
- Current flows through a single molecule.
While serving as an introduction for graduate students and researchers, this is equally must-have reading for theoreticians and experimentalists, as well as an aid to interpreting experimental data and accessing the original literature.
|Flash of the Cathode Rays: A History of J J Thomson's Electron
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Author: Per F. Dahl
The electron is fundamental to almost all aspects of modern life, controlling the behavior of atoms and how they bind together to form gases, liquids, and solids. Flash of the Cathode Rays: A History of J.J. Thomson's Electron presents the compelling story of the discovery of the electron and its role as the first subatomic particle in nature. The book traces the evolution of the concept of electrical charge, from the earliest glow discharge studies to the final cathode ray and oil drop experiments of J.J. Thomson and Robert Millikan. It also provides an overview of the history of modern physics up to the advent of the old quantum theory around 1920.
Consolidating scholarly material while incorporating new material discovered by the well-respected author, the book covers the continental and English race for the source of the cathode rays, culminating in Thomson's corpuscle in 1897. It explores the events leading to Millikan's unambiguous isolation of the electron and the simultaneous circumstances surrounding the birth of Ernest Rutherford's nuclear atom and the discovery of radioactivity in 1896. The author also focuses on the controversies over N-rays, Becquerel's positive electron, and the famous Ehrenhaft-Millikan dispute over subelectrons.
Scholarly yet accessible to those with basic physics knowledge, this book should be of interest to historians of science, professional scientists and engineers, teachers and students of physics, and general readers interested in the development of modern physics.
|Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications
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Author: Toshiaki Enoki
Graphite intercalation compounds are a new class of electronic materials that are classified as graphite-based host guest systems. They have specific structural features based on the alternating stacking of graphite and guest intercalate sheets. The electronic structures show two-dimensional metallic properties with a large variety of features including superconductivity. They are also interesting from the point of two-dimensional magnetic systems. This book presents the synthesis, crystal structures, phase transitions, lattice dynamics, electronic structures, electron transport properties, magnetic properties, surface phenomena, and applications of graphite intercalation compounds. The applications covered include batteries, highly conductive graphite fibers, exfoliated graphite and intercalated fullerenes and nanotubes.
|Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems
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Author: Volkhard May
This second edition is based on the successful concept of the first edition in presenting a unified perspective on molecular charge and energy transfer processes. The authors bridge the regimes of coherent and dissipative dynamics, thus establishing the connection between classic rate theories and modern treatments of ultrafast phenomena. The book serves as an introduction for graduate students and researchers.
Among the new topics of this second edition are
- semiclassical and quantum-classical hybrid formulations of molecular dynamics
- the basics of femtosecond nonlinear spectroscopy
- electron transfer through molecular bridges and proteins
- multidimensional tunneling in proton transfer reactions
- two-exciton states and exciton annihilation in biological and nonbiological chromophore complexes
More illustrating examples as well as an enlarged reference list are added. A new chapter gives an introduction into the theory of laser pulse control of molecular transfer processes.
|Elastic and Inelastic Scattering in Electron Diffraction and Imaging (NATO Asi Series)
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Author: Zhong-lin Wang
This unique volume provides comprehensive coverage of the theories and techniques of elastic and inelastic electron diffraction and imaging as well as their applications in quantitative structure determination using transmission and scanning transmission electron microscopy. The author summarizes principles, techniques, and applications in his discussions of thermal diffusely scattered, valence-loss, and atomic inner-shell scattered electrons in compositional sensitive imaging.