|Relativistic Electronic Structure Theory - Fundamentals, Volume 11 (Theoretical and Computational Chemistry)
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The first volume of this two part series is concerned with the fundamental aspects of relativistic quantum theory, outlining the enormous progress made in the last twenty years in this field. The aim was to create a book such that researchers who become interested in this exciting new field find it useful as a textbook, and do not have to rely on a rather large number of specialized papers published in this area.
· No title is currently available that deals with new developments in relativistic quantum electronic structure theory
· Interesting and relevant to graduate students in chemistry and physics as well as to all researchers in the field of quantum chemistry
· As treatment of heavy elements becomes more important, there will be a constant demand for this title
|Electronic Properties of Surfaces
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In recent years the availability of techniques and the asking of basic and technological questions has led to an international explosion of activity in the study of solid surfaces. Originally published in Reports in Progress in Physics, Electronic Properties of Surfaces reflects the modern knowledge in this field, presenting critical appraisals of progress in surface science. The book should be particularly valuable for researchers new to this field.
|Electron Transfer in Chemistry and Biology: An Introduction to the Theory
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Author: Alexander M. Kuznetsov
Electron Transfer in Chemistry and Biology An Introduction to the Theory Alexander M. Kuznetsov Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Jens Ulstrup Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark Electron transfer is perhaps the single most important physical event in chemical, electrochemical, photochemical, biochemical, and biophysical processes. The focus and ubiquity of electron transfer is intriguing and exciting but a coherent and comprehensive approach to this topic is at the same time a challenge. Electron Transfer in Chemistry and Biology provides a thorough and didactic approach to the theoretical basis of electron transfer phenomena. Not only does it offer a full introduction to this area and a discussion of its historical development, it also gives detailed explanations of difficult issues, for example, long-range electron transfers, stochastic and dynamic processes, and biological features. A wide variety of readers will find this volume of great interest, ranging from final year undergraduate students, postgraduate students and university lecturers, to research staff in numerous fields including medical companies, electronics industry, catalysis research and development, chemical industry and some hospitals.
|J.J. Thompson And The Discovery Of The Electron
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Author: E. A. Davis
Brand: CRC Press
This historical survey of the discovery of the electron has been published to coincide with the centenary of the discovery. The text maps the life and achievements of J.J. Thomson, with particular focus on his ideas and experiments leading to the discovery. It describes Thomson's early years and education. It then considers his career at Cambridge, first as a fellow of Trinity, later as the head of the Cavendish Laboratory and finally as Master of Trinity and national spokesman for science. The core of the book is concerned with the work undertaken at the Cavendish, culminating in the discovery of "corpuscles", later named "electrons".; In the final two chapters, the immediate aftermath and implications of the work are described. These include the creation of the subject of atomic physics as well as the broader long term developments which can be traced from vacuum valves and the transistor through to the microelectronics revolution.
|Electronic Band Structure and Its Applications (Lecture Notes in Physics)
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|Histories of the Electron: The Birth of Microphysics (Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology)
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In the mid to late 1890s, J. J. Thomson and colleagues at Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory conducted experiments on "cathode rays" (a form of radiation produced within evacuated glass vessels subjected to electric fields)—the results of which some historians later viewed as the "discovery" of the electron. This book is both a biography of the electron and a history of the microphysical world that it opened up.
The book is organized in four parts. The first part, Corpuscles and Electrons, considers the varying accounts of Thomson's role in the experimental production of the electron. The second part, What Was the Newborn Electron Good For?, examines how scientists used the new entity in physical and chemical investigations. The third part, Electrons Applied and Appropriated, explores the accommodation, or lack thereof, of the electron in nuclear physics, chemistry, and electrical science. It follows the electron's gradual progress from cathode ray to ubiquitous subatomic particle and eponymous entity in one of the world's most successful industries—electronics. The fourth part, Philosophical Electrons, considers the role of the electron in issues of instrumentalism, epistemology, and realism. The electron, it turns out, can tell us a great deal about how science works.
|Elastic and Inelastic Scattering in Electron Diffraction and Imaging (NATO Asi Series)
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Author: Zhong-lin Wang
Brand: Brand: Springer
This unique volume provides comprehensive coverage of the theories and techniques of elastic and inelastic electron diffraction and imaging as well as their applications in quantitative structure determination using transmission and scanning transmission electron microscopy. The author summarizes principles, techniques, and applications in his discussions of thermal diffusely scattered, valence-loss, and atomic inner-shell scattered electrons in compositional sensitive imaging.
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|Flash of the Cathode Rays: A History of J J Thomson's Electron
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Author: Per F. Dahl
The electron is fundamental to almost all aspects of modern life, controlling the behavior of atoms and how they bind together to form gases, liquids, and solids. Flash of the Cathode Rays: A History of J.J. Thomson's Electron presents the compelling story of the discovery of the electron and its role as the first subatomic particle in nature. The book traces the evolution of the concept of electrical charge, from the earliest glow discharge studies to the final cathode ray and oil drop experiments of J.J. Thomson and Robert Millikan. It also provides an overview of the history of modern physics up to the advent of the old quantum theory around 1920.
Consolidating scholarly material while incorporating new material discovered by the well-respected author, the book covers the continental and English race for the source of the cathode rays, culminating in Thomson's corpuscle in 1897. It explores the events leading to Millikan's unambiguous isolation of the electron and the simultaneous circumstances surrounding the birth of Ernest Rutherford's nuclear atom and the discovery of radioactivity in 1896. The author also focuses on the controversies over N-rays, Becquerel's positive electron, and the famous Ehrenhaft-Millikan dispute over subelectrons.
Scholarly yet accessible to those with basic physics knowledge, this book should be of interest to historians of science, professional scientists and engineers, teachers and students of physics, and general readers interested in the development of modern physics.
|Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications
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Author: Toshiaki Enoki
Graphite intercalation compounds are a new class of electronic materials that are classified as graphite-based host guest systems. They have specific structural features based on the alternating stacking of graphite and guest intercalate sheets. The electronic structures show two-dimensional metallic properties with a large variety of features including superconductivity. They are also interesting from the point of two-dimensional magnetic systems. This book presents the synthesis, crystal structures, phase transitions, lattice dynamics, electronic structures, electron transport properties, magnetic properties, surface phenomena, and applications of graphite intercalation compounds. The applications covered include batteries, highly conductive graphite fibers, exfoliated graphite and intercalated fullerenes and nanotubes.
|Energy Density Functional Theory of Many-Electron Systems (Understanding Chemical Reactivity)
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Author: Eugene S. Kryachko
Brand: Brand: Springer
Book by Kryachko, Eugene S., Ludeña, Eduardo V.
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