|Problem Solving in Enzyme Biocatalysis
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Author: Andrés Illanes
Enzyme biocatalysis is a fast-growing area in process biotechnology that has expanded from the traditional fields of foods, detergents, and leather applications to more sophisticated uses in the pharmaceutical and fine-chemicals sectors and environmental management. Conventional applications of industrial enzymes are expected to grow, with major opportunities in the detergent and animal feed sectors, and new uses in biofuel production and human and animal therapy.
In order to design more efficient enzyme reactors and evaluate performance properly, sound mathematical expressions must be developed which consider enzyme kinetics, material balances, and eventual mass transfer limitations. With a focus on problem solving, each chapter provides abridged coverage of the subject, followed by a number of solved problems illustrating resolution procedures and the main concepts underlying them, plus supplementary questions and answers.
Based on more than 50 years of teaching experience, Problem Solving in Enzyme Biocatalysis is a unique reference for students of chemical and biochemical engineering, as well as biochemists and chemists dealing with bioprocesses.
Contains: Enzyme properties and applications; enzyme kinetics; enzyme reactor design and operation 146 worked problems and solutions in enzyme biocatalysis.
|Clean Synthesis Using Porous Inorganic Solid Catalysts and Supported Reagents (RSC Clean Technology Monographs)
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Author: James H Clark
Waste minimisation has a number of aims which include enhancing the intrinsic selectivity of any given process, providing a means of recovering reagents in a form which allows easy regeneration and the replacement of stoichiometric processes with catalytic ones. Solids, as catalysts or as supports for other reagents, offer potential for benefit in all these areas. This monograph provides an overview of the properties of the more useful solid catalysts and supported reagents, and highlights their most valuable applications in the preparation of organic chemicals in liquid phase reactions. Clean Synthesis Using Porous Inorganic Solid Catalysts and Supported Reagents is concerned with the use of solid catalysts in the clean synthesis of organic chemicals. The emphasis is on chemical processes of importance to the manufacture/preparation of fine and speciality chemicals, chemical intermediates and pharmaceutical intermediates, especially where catalysis is not currently used or where current catalysts are homogeneous, leading to difficult separation procedures and unacceptable levels of waste. This book focuses on solid catalysts based on inorganic supports and covers the emerging area of chemically modified mesoporous solid catalysts.
|High-Throughput Screening in Chemical Catalysis: Technologies, Strategies and Applications
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Brand: Brand: Wiley-VCH
In this first book to present every important aspect of this fascinating and developing field, the three editors A. Hagemeyer, P. Strasser and A. F. Volpe Jr. from Symyx Technologies have chosen a perfect mixture of distinguished, international authors from both academia and industry. Each chapter is devoted to a major topic - high-throughput experimentation methodologies, integrated combinatorial synthesis and screening workflow, and applications to chemical catalysts with an emphasis on heterogeneous catalysis, olefin polymerization and electrocatalysis for fuel cells. An indispensable source for everyone working in the field.
- Used Book in Good Condition
|Comprehensive Enantioselective Organocatalysis: Catalysts, Reactions, and Applications, 3 Volume Set
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A much-needed overview reflecting the developments over the past five years, this is the most comprehensive handbook on organocatalysis. As such, all relevant catalyst systems are discussed in detail, as well as key strategies, reaction types, and important applications in total synthesis. The first two volumes cover catalyst structures and fundamental activation types. These chapters allow readers to familiarize themselves with the relatively complex interactions that make organocatalytic reactions selective; to gain an insight into the most efficient catalyst types; and to understand the importance of physical parameters that influence reactivity and selectivity. Volume three is structured around reaction types, i.e. nucleophile additions to C=X and C=C bonds; Friedel-Crafts reactions, organocatalytic sigmatropic reactions, regioselective reactions and desymmetrization strategies, ring-forming reactions, multicomponent (domino) reactions, multicatalyst systems and the application of organocatalytic reactions in multistep synthesis are discussed. An appendix recollecting catalyst structures with the adequate cross-references to the corresponding chapters rounds off the book.
With its contributions written by pioneers of the organocatalysis field, this book provides non-specialists with an introduction to the topic as well as serving as a valuable source for researchers in academia and industry searching for an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of this promising area of synthetic organic chemistry.
|Handbook of Commercial Catalysts: Heterogeneous Catalysts
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Author: Howard F. Rase
Despite the advances in understanding the phenomena that occur on a catalyst surface, much of the successful catalyst development and use continues to be half science and half art. The art resides in the practical knowledge of experts in the development and use of commercial catalysts-it comes with experience. Now the background needed to nurture the experience and inspire the art is collected along with the science into a single volume.Product uses
Whether called upon to select or improve a catalyst, design a process, diagnose operating problems, or improve existing processes, the Handbook of Commercial Catalysts provides the information needed to form a basis for the task. It offers a starting point by providing a broad overview of 150 major commercial processes and the heterogeneous catalyst used for each. The author has arranged them according to specific reaction or reaction type, and supplies reference citations for deeper research. He offers valuable insghts-based on chemistry, thermodynamics, and surface science-that provide a framework for rational reasoning about catalyst performance.
With data collected from the existing literature, from the in-house specialists of commercial vendors, and from his own extensive experience, the author discusses for each reaction:
Catalyst suppliers and licensors
Armed with this information, the reader can begin rational analysis of an existing or planned reaction system and logically discuss catalyst characteristics and operations with technical representative of catalyst manufacturers and with colleagues.
|Catalysis and Zeolites: Fundamentals and Applications
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Zeolites and zeolite-like microporous materials have been playing an ever-increasing role in heterogeneous catalysis for more than three decades. An impressive number of large-scale industrial processes in petroleum refining, petrochemistry and the manufacture of organic chemicals are nowadays carried out using zeolite catalysts, and the future of zeolites in industrial catalysis continues to be bright. Authored by an international team of renowned scientists, the seven chapters of this book present a comprehensive overview of the application of zeolites in industrial catalysis, while also providing a true scientific understanding of how zeolites are synthesized, modified and characterized, and putting special emphasis on shape-selective catalysis, which is a unique feature of zeolites.
|Characterization and Catalyst Development: An Interactive Approach (Acs Symposium Series)
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This "must-have" volume bridges the gap between catalysis science and development. It is targeted toward the catalyst scientist who needs to understand the characterization techniques as they apply to catalysts, and toward the instrumentalists who must recognize the characterization requirements of the catalyst scientist. It is the first volume to demonstrate the integrative approach for developing new catalysts, improving processes, and understanding catalysis science.
|The Basis and Applications of Heterogeneous Catalysis (Oxford Chemistry Primers, 53)
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Author: Michael Bowker
Catalysis is one of the most important technologies in our modern world. We depend on it to produce materials, such as plastics, from oil; we depend on it to produce fuel to power our cars; we depend on it to remove the pollutants emitted from the engines of those cars; we even depend on it for the functioning and growth of our own bodies. It is therefore very important that we ask ourselves the question, 'what is catalysis?' and this book does exactly that, concentrating on the most important type of catalysis for industry, namely heterogeneous catalysis. The book is split into 3 sections, dealing with the fundamentals of adsorption and reaction at surfaces, the nature of heterogeneous catalysts and their synthesis, and the applications of this technology in the modern world. This book will be useful for teachers, undergraduates, and as an introductory book for graduates specialising in catalysis and surface science.
|Catalyst Design: Progress and Perspectives
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Author: Rutherford Aris
The complex field of catalysis has, to date, defied attempts toward a systematic approach to designing new catalysts. However, the growing body of knowledge is now sufficient to begin this process, which will lead the way towards effective design techniques and continuing sophistication in the field. This is the first work which addresses this need. It examines various aspects of catalyst design from various points of view which reflect the particular interests and expertise of the authors. Among the topics covered in this work are: the effects of surface morphology and surface composition on catalyst performance, including potential applications and suggestions for improvements; challenges involved in commercial application of catalyst design via anchoring organometallic complexes to solid surfaces; the utilization of support metal systems in catalyst design; mathematical modeling of catalytic systems and their use in designing porous catalysts; and much more.
|Heterogeneous Catalysis for the Synthetic Chemist (Chemical Industries)
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Author: Robert L. Augustine
This work delineates the effect of different reaction variables on the outcome of heterogeneously catalyzed reactions, and explains how to optimize the product yield of specific compounds. Metal catalysis, simple and complex oxides, zeolites and clays are discussed, both as catalysts and as potential supports for catalytically active metals.