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Psychobiology


The Depths: The Evolutionary Origins of the Depression Epidemic

The Depths: The Evolutionary Origins of the Depression Epidemic Lowest new price: $13.50
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Author: Jonathan Rottenberg

Nearly every depressed person is assured by doctors, well-meaning friends and family, the media, and ubiquitous advertisements that the underlying problem is a chemical imbalance. Such a simple defect should be fixable, yet despite all of the resources that have been devoted to finding a pharmacological solution, depression remains stubbornly widespread. Why are we losing this fight?

In this humane and illuminating challenge to defect models of depression, psychologist Jonathan Rottenberg argues that depression is a particularly severe outgrowth of our natural capacity for emotion. In other words, it is a low mood gone haywire. Drawing on recent developments in the science of mood—and his own harrowing depressive experience as a young adult—Rottenberg explains depression in evolutionary terms, showing how its dark pull arises from adaptations that evolved to help our ancestors ensure their survival. Moods, high and low, evolved to compel us to more efficiently pursue rewards. While this worked for our ancestors, our modern environment—in which daily survival is no longer a sole focus—makes it all too easy for low mood to slide into severe, long-lasting depression.

Weaving together experimental and epidemiological research, clinical observations, and the voices of individuals who have struggled with depression, The Depths offers a bold new account of why depression endures—and makes a strong case for de-stigmatizing this increasingly common condition. In so doing, Rottenberg offers hope in the form of his own and other patients’ recovery, and points the way towards new paths for treatment.

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Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology

Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology Lowest new price: $64.51
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Author: Bob L. Garrett

Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology showcases our rapidly increasing understanding of the biological foundations of behavior, engaging students immediately with easily accessible content. Bob Garrett uses colorful illustrations and thought-provoking facts while maintaining a “big-picture” approach that students will appreciate. Don’t be surprised when they reach their “eureka” moment and exclaim, “Now I understand what was going on with Uncle Edgar!”

Praise for the Second Edition of Brain & Behavior:

"Great book- excellent instructional design and graphics with practical applications."—Robin Steed, MA, LOTR, Louisiana State University Health Science Center

“My students liked the organization of Garrett. They thought it was easy to read and an appropriate resource for this course.” —Charles Long, University of Memphis

“I have been searching for a book that would thoroughly treat all of the concepts in brain and behavior while also being easy enough for the student to read without becoming overwhelmed. I think that the Garrett text might be an answer to my problem.” —Natalie Ceballos, Texas State University

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Basics of Biopsychology

Basics of Biopsychology Lowest new price: $176.13
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Author: Pinel John P. J.

Book annotation not available for this title.
Title: Basics of Biopsychology
Author: Pinel, John P. J.
Publisher: Pearson College Div
Publication Date: 2006/05/26
Number of Pages: 508
Binding Type: HARDCOVER
Library of Congress: 2006042851

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Behavioral Neurobiology: The Cellular Organization of Natural Behavior

Behavioral Neurobiology: The Cellular Organization of Natural Behavior Lowest new price: $66.17
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Author: Thomas J. Carew
Brand: Brand: Sinauer Associates, Inc.

Behavioral Neurobiology provides a novel treatment of the neural basis of behavior. The pedagogical premise of the book is that general insights into the neuronal organization of behavior can be gained by examining neural solutions that have evolved in animals to solve problems encountered in their particular environmental niches. The author presents in-depth "case studies" of individual animals from which themes clearly emerge, taking on additional meaning by being considered in a real-world behavioral context.

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The Trouble With Testosterone: And Other Essays On The Biology Of The Human Predicament

The Trouble With Testosterone: And Other Essays On The Biology Of The Human Predicament Lowest new price: $1.98
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Author: Robert M. Sapolsky

From the author of the widely acclaimed Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers, an enlightening perspective on the peculiar drives and intrinsic needs underlying human behavior, and how they link us to -- and separate us from -- the rest of the animal kingdom.In this wide-ranging collection of witty essays, Robert M. Sapolsky brings a touch of humor and compassion to the world of cutting-edge science. His subjects range from explanations of the neurological bases of human individuality to discussions about the philosophical and political implications of recent findings in biological research. Ultimately, Sapolsky confirms that human beings are -- with unnerving frequency -- just another kind of primate."Sapolsky is one of the best scientist/writers of our time....What emerges in these brilliant, wide-ranging essays is a rich picture of human individuality and how it is both constrained and liberated by biological fate". -- Oliver Sacks, M.D.

As a professor of biology and neuroscience at Stanford and a recipient of a MacArthur Foundation "genius grant," Robert Sapolsky carries impressive credentials. Best of all, he's a gifted writer who possesses a delightfully devilish sense of humor. In these essays, which range widely but mostly focus on the relationships between biology and human behavior, hard and intricate science is handled with a deft touch that makes it accessible to the general reader. In one memorable piece, Sapolsky compares the fascination with tabloid TV to behavior he's observed among wild African baboons. "Rubber necks," notes the professor, "seem to be a common feature of the primate order." In the title essay of The Trouble with Testosterone, Sapolsky ruminates on the links, real or perceived, between that hormone and aggression.

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The Myth of Monogamy: Fidelity and Infidelity in Animals and People

The Myth of Monogamy: Fidelity and Infidelity in Animals and People Lowest new price: $7.74
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Author: David P. Barash

Applying new research to sex in the animal world, esteemed scientists David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton dispel the notion that monogamy comes naturally. In fact, as The Myth of Monogamy reveals, biologists have discovered that for nearly every species, cheating is the rule -- for both sexes.

Reviewing findings from the same DNA fingerprinting science employed in the courtroom, Barash and Lipton take readers from chickadee nests to chimpanzee packs to explain why animals cheat. (Some prostitute themselves for food or protection, while others strive to couple with genetically superior or multiple mates.) The Myth of Monogamy then illuminates the implications of these dramatic new findings for humans, in our relationships, as parents, and more.

The Myth of Monogamy at last brings scientific insight into this emotionally charged aspect of the ultimate dating and marriage quandary.

Shattering deeply held beliefs about sexual relationships in humans and other animals, The Myth of Monogamy is a much needed treatment of a sensitive issue. Written by the husband and wife team of behavioral scientist David P. Barash and psychiatrist Judith Eve Lipton, it glows with wit and warmth even as it explores decades of research undermining traditional precepts of mating rituals. Evidence from genetic testing has been devastating to those seeking monogamy in the animal kingdom; even many birds, long prized as examples of fidelity, turn out to have a high incidence of extra-pair couplings. Furthermore, now that researchers have turned their attention to female sexual behavior, they are finding more and more examples of aggressive adultery-seeking in "the fairer sex." Writing about humans in the context of parental involvement, the authors find complexity and humor:

Baby people are more like baby birds than baby mammals. To be sure, newborn cats and dogs are helpless, but this helplessness doesn't last for long. By contrast, infant Homo sapiens remain helpless for months ... and then they become helpless toddlers! Who in turn graduate to being virtually helpless youngsters. (And then? Clueless adolescents.) So there may be some payoff to women in being mated to a monogamous man, after all.

Careful to separate scientific description from moral prescription, Barash and Lipton still poke a little fun at our conceptions of monogamy and other kinds of relationships as "natural" or "unnatural." Shoring themselves up against the inevitable charges that their reporting will weaken the institution of marriage, they make sure to note that monogamy works well for most of those who desire it and that one of our uniquely human traits is our ability to overcome biology in some instances. If, as some claim, monogamy has been a tool used by men to assert property rights over women, then perhaps one day The Myth of Monogamy will be seen as a milestone for women's liberation. --Rob Lightner

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Study Guide to Accompany Bob Garrett's Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology, Third Edition

Study Guide to Accompany Bob Garrett's Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology, Third Edition Lowest new price: $13.77
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Author: Bob L. Garrett

Prepared by Beth Powell (Smith College), this Study Guide offers additional review and practice to help you succeed in your Biological Psychology class. Each chapter corresponds to the appropriate chapter in Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology, Third Edition and contains the following:

  • Chapter outlines
  • Learning objectives
  • Summary and guided reviews (incorporating key terms and concepts)
  • Short-answer and essay questions
  • Chapter post-test

You will also find useful study resources on the open-access Student Study Site at http://www.sagepub.com/garrett3e.

Bundle Option:
For just $5 more than the price of the standalone text, this Study Guide can be packaged with the Third Edition of Brain & Behavior. (ISBN: 978-1-4129-9714-0). 

Please contact your Sales Representative for more information! 

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The Woman That Never Evolved: With a New Preface and Bibliographical Updates, Revised Edition

The Woman That Never Evolved: With a New Preface and Bibliographical Updates, Revised Edition Lowest new price: $13.49
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Author: Sarah Blaffer Hrdy
Brand: Brand: Harvard University Press

What does it mean to be female? Sarah Blaffer Hrdy--a sociobiologist and a feminist--believes that evolutionary biology can provide some surprising answers. Surprising to those feminists who mistakenly think that biology can only work against women. And surprising to those biologists who incorrectly believe that natural selection operates only on males.

In The Woman That Never Evolved we are introduced to our nearest female relatives competitive, independent, sexually assertive primates who have every bit as much at stake in the evolutionary game as their male counterparts do. These females compete among themselves for rank and resources, but will bond together for mutual defense. They risk their lives to protect their young, yet consort with the very male who murdered their offspring when successful reproduction depends upon it. They tolerate other breeding females if food is plentiful, but chase them away when monogamy is the optimal strategy. When "promiscuity" is an advantage, female primates--like their human cousins--exhibit a sexual appetite that ensures a range of breeding partners. From case after case we are led to the conclusion that the sexually passive, noncompetitive, all-nurturing woman of prevailing myth never could have evolved within the primate order.

Yet males are almost universally dominant over females in primate species, and Homo sapiens is no exception. As we see from this book, women are in some ways the most oppressed of all female primates. Sarah Blaffer Hrdy is convinced that to redress sexual inequality in human societies, we must first understand its evolutionary origins. We cannot travel back in time to meet our own remote ancestors, but we can study those surrogates we have--the other living primates. If women --and not biology--are to control their own destiny, they must understand the past and, as this book shows us, the biological legacy they have inherited.

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The Other Side of Normal: How Biology Is Providing the Clues to Unlock the Secrets of Normal and Abnormal Behavior

The Other Side of Normal: How Biology Is Providing the Clues to Unlock the Secrets of Normal and Abnormal Behavior Lowest new price: $8.54
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Author: Jordan Smoller

In this enthralling work of popular science, respected Harvard psychiatrist Jordan Smoller addresses one of humankind’s most enduring and perplexing questions: What does it mean to be “normal?” In The Other Side of Normal, Smoller explores the biological component of normalcy, revealing the hidden side of our everyday behaviors—why we love what we love and fear what we fear. Other bestselling works of neurobiology and the mind have focused on mental illness and abnormal behaviors—like the Oliver Sacks classic, The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat—but The Other Side of Normal is an eye-opening, thought-provoking, utterly fascinating and totally accessible exploration of the universals of human experience. It will change forever our understanding of who we are and what makes us that way.

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The Birth of the Mind: How a Tiny Number of Genes Creates The Complexities of Human Thought

The Birth of the Mind: How a Tiny Number of Genes Creates The Complexities of Human Thought Lowest new price: $8.10
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Author: Gary Marcus

In The Birth of the Mind, award-winning cognitive scientist Gary Marcus irrevocably alters the nature vs. nurture debate by linking the findings of the Human Genome Project to the development of the brain. Scientists have long struggled to understand how a tiny number of genes could contain the instructions for building the human brain, arguably the most complex device in the known universe. Synthesizing up-to-the-minute research with his own original findings on child development, Marcus is the first to resolve this apparent contradiction. Vibrantly written and completely accessible to the lay reader, The Birth of the Mind will forever change the way we think about our origins and ourselves.

The Human Genome Project has revealed that we possess a surprisingly small number of genes, especially in light of our fairly complex bodies. In The Birth of the Mind, NYU psychology professor Gary Marcus brings together current research on how our genetic code assembles that most mysterious physiological structure, the brain. Readers fascinated by the works of Steven Pinker and other mind theorists will be fascinated by Marcus' descriptions of strange--and sometimes disturbing--sensory experiments carried out on chimps, ferrets, and kittens that show how the brain organizes itself in the presence or absence of external stimuli. Further, Marcus writes that there's nothing particularly special about how the brain is built and maintained.

What's amazing is how little of the overall scheme for embryonic development is special to the brain. Although thousands of genes are involved in brain development, a large number of them are shared with (or have close counterparts in) genes that guide the development of the rest of the body.

With plenty of evidence supporting the notion of multi-function "housekeeping genes," Marcus concludes that our hopes for finding single genes responsible for various brain disorders are likely unfounded. The Birth of the Mind offers an engaging and often witty look at how our genetic code can be simple enough to make basic proteins and complicated enough to help us learn languages. --Therese Littleton

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