|The Earth's Variable Rotation: Geophysical Causes and Consequences (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Kurt Lambeck
Astronomers have long noted that the Earth does not rotate uniformly about an axis fixed in the planet, that both the length-of-day and the direction of the rotation axis vary periodically and irregularly by small amounts. These variations are an immediate consequence of the Earth not being a rigid body. In this book Professor Lambeck discusses the irregular nature of this motion and the geophysical mechanisms responsible for it. A complete analysis of these causes requires a discussion of solid Earth physics, magnetohydrodynamics, oceanography and meteorology. The study of the Earth's rotation is therefore of interest not only to astronomers who wish to explain their observations, but also to many geophysicists who use the astronomers' observations to understand better the Earth's response to a variety of applied forces. The author emphasizes the important contributions made over the last 15 years, this progress being in part a consequence of the overall progress in geophysics and planetary physics and of the developments in space science and technology, which not only require that the Earth's motion be precisely known but which also have provided new and precise methods for monitoring this motion. This book is suitable for geophysicists, astronomers and geodesists who are actively engaged in research as well as for graduate students.
|The Excitation and Propagation of Elastic Waves (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: J. A. Hudson
This paperback edition of Dr Hudson's advanced textbook presents the theory of small disturbances propagating through solids. The material is set out carefully in mathematical detail. The linearised theory of elasticity has now been replaced by a more fundamental approach based on a generalised theory of continuum mechanics. Despite this change of emphasis in solid mechanics there remain important areas of physics in which the linear theory is clearly of fundamental importance, especially in seismology, noise analysis and the non-destructive testing of materials. This is a textbook suitable for advanced undergraduates in a variety of disciplines, including applied mathematics, applied physics, geophysics and structural and civil engineering. The book is of particular interest to seismologists and physicists engaged in non-destructive testing.
|Fractals and Chaos in Geology and Geophysics
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Author: Donald L. Turcotte
Now in a greatly expanded second edition, this book relates fractals and chaos to a variety of geological and geophysical applications and introduces the fundamental concepts of fractal geometry and chaotic dynamics. In this new edition, Turcotte expands coverage of self-organized criticality and includes statistics and time series to provide a broad background for the reader. Topics include drainage networks and erosion, floods, earthquakes, mineral and petroleum resources, fragmentation, mantle convection, and magnetic field generation. The author introduces all concepts at the lowest possible level of mathematics consistent with their understanding, so that the reader requires only a background in basic physics and mathematics. He includes problems for the reader to solve. This book will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in complex natural phenomena.
|Free Oscillations of the Earth (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Ernest Ralph Lapwood
|Geodesy and Physics of the Earth: Geodetic Contributions to Geodynamics : 7th International Symposium "Geodesy and Physics of the Earth" : Potsdam, (International Association of Geodesy Symposia)
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Author: Germany) International Symposium Geodesy and Physics of the Earth (2nd : 1973 : Potsdam
The investigation of the kinematics and dynamics of the Earth has achieved remarkable progresses in the last decades in understanding and explaining a large variety of geo- dynamical, geophysical and geological phenomena. The impact of increasingly precise geodetic space-time measurements and analyses have much contributed to these results. Papers presented atthe 7th International Symposium on Geodesy and Physics of the Earth focus onfour topics: - Present Day Tectonic Motions - Gravity Field and its Variation - Earth Rotation Characteristics - International Programs for Geodesy and Geodynamics Researchers and advanced students may use this volume as a comprehensive reference of concepts, techniques and results.
|Geophysics III (Encyclopedia of Physics, Vol. 49, Part 7/Handbuch Der Physik : Geophysik III, Band 49, Teil VII)
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Author: S. Fluegge
|Handbook of Atmospheric Science: Principles and Applications
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The alarming consequences of global climate change have highlighted the need to take urgent steps to combat the causes of air pollution. Hence, understanding the Earth's atmosphere is a vital component in Man's emerging quest for developing sustainable modes of behaviour in the 21st century.
Written by a team of expert scientists, the Handbook of Atmospheric Science provides a broad and up-to-date account of our understanding of the natural processes that occur within the atmosphere. It examines how Man’s activities have had a detrimental effect on the climate, and how measures may be implemented in order to modify these activities. The book progresses through chapters covering the principles of atmospheric science and the current problems of air pollution at the urban, regional and global scales, to the tools and applications used to understand air pollution.
The Handbook of Atmospheric Science offers an excellent overview of this multi-disciplinary subject and will prove invaluable to both students and researchers of atmospheric science, air pollution and global change.
|History of Geophysics, Vol. 3: The History of Hydrology
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|Observation of the Continental Crust Through Drilling II: Proceedings of the International Symposium Held in Seeheim, October 3-6, 1985 (Exploration)
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Author: H. J. Behr
The purpose of this book is to inform geoscientists about the progress made in scientific continental deep drilling as a new method for studying the continental crust. The Seeheim symposium was the second meeting organized for experts of the various national programs to present and discuss the results and progress made in their respective programs since the first symposium in Tarrytown in 1984. Various contributors dealt with the present state of - and experience in - deep drilling techniques as well as with the development of logging tools for drilling at high temperatures. Special emphasis was laid on the Continental Deep Drilling Program of the Federal Republic of Germany and its scientific aims.
|Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: B. L. N. Kennett
The success of this book stems from its clear and concise, yet detailed summary of the advances in seismic source studies during the past two decades. Dr Kennett presents a mainly theoretical account of the passage of seismic waves from source to receiver, linking the theoretical development to the nature of seismograms observed across a wide range of distance scales - from a few kilometres, as in shallow reflection work for geophysical prospecting, to many thousands of kilometres for earthquakes. A unified framework is presented for all classes of seismic phenomena, for both body waves and surface waves. Each topic is taken up systematically, including many topics not normally covered in discussion of propagator theory, such as source representation theory, generalised ray theory, and the calculation of complete theoretical seismograms including all wave effects arising from the presence of the Earth's surface.